The Mentur Pronunciation Guide – MPG. 120215
This PG is to support the spellings in the Mentur Spelling System.
TS = Traditional spelling.
TS symbols will be enclosed within < >. <Lake>.
MPG symbols will be enclosed within \ \. \laek\.
Primary stress is marked with an (‘). <Baker> \’bae kur\.
Secondary stress is marked with a (,). <Pronunciation> \pru ,nun sy ‘ae shun\.
“Mentur Spelling System” symbols and words will be italicized; kat.
V, w and y, are both vowel and consonant. When they are consonants, they will be capitalized. Every \’eV (u)r y\, <mud> \mvd\, <above> \u ‘bvV\, <vulgar> \’Vvl gur\, <wet> \Wet\, <book> \bwk\, <wood> \Wwd\, <yellow> \’Yel oe\, <penny> \’pe ny\.
The MPG alphabet.
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u V v W w Y y z – ch dh sh th wh zh ng
MPG – a e i o v u* w cr ur ae ee y
MPG – bat pet pig spot mvd until bwk bcrn letur laek feet peny
TS —– bat pet pig spot mud until book burn letter lake feet penny
MPG – ie oe ue oo au oi ou
MPG – pie toe argue moon haul koin kloud
TS —– pie toe argue moon haul coin cloud
*See Schwa, below.
O is spelled for both the US and UK pronunciation of the <o> in <spot>. The difference may be shown as \aa\ and \o\, respectively, but the Mentur spelling system will just spell o.
Some of the following r-colored vowels are non-alphabetic in order to preserve some familiarity with traditional text.
\ar\ – as in <car> \kar\ – \ar\ = \aar\
\arr\ – as in <marry> \’marr y\ or \’ma ry\ – In US, this is generally changed to \er\. <Marry> \’mer y\, but in Mentur it is kept as \arr\.
\er\ – as in <terror, airport> \’ter ur\, \’er port\.
\ir\ – as in <spirit, fear> \’spir ut\, \fir\
\orr\ – as in <sorry, borrow, tomorrow, horrible, coral> \’sorr y, ‘borr oe, tu ‘morr oe, ‘horr u bul, ‘korr ul\. A UK pronunciation, not used in the Mentur spelling system. US changes \orr\ to \ar\ or \or\. The Menter spelling system changes it to \or\.
\or\ – as in <fork, horrible, coral > \fork\, \’hor u bul\, \’kor l\ – \or\ = \aur\
\cr\ – as in <burn> \bcrn\ – \cr\ is spelled vr in the Mentur spelling system. Bvrn.
Mentur is a rhotic system. (It doesn’t drop r’s.)
\ur\ (unstressed \cr\) – as in <letter> \’le tur\ or \’let.r\ or \’let r\; letur.
In the Mentur spelling system, vr and ur are sometimes divided by a syllabic break. <Worry> \’wcr y\ or \’wv ry\ wvry, <around> \u ’round\ uround.
\wl\ – <Pull> \pwl\ pwl, does not have quite the same \w\ sound as in <put> \pwt\ pwt, but it is convenient to use the same symbol for this sound. This conforms with practice in common dictionaries. Similar to \oel\ below. Also, the o in <woman> is commonly shown in dictionaries with the \w\ phoneme but I think it should be the \au\ phoneme; \’Wau mun\. Compare this \au\ sound with the o in \fork\.
A phoneme is not an exact pronunciation, but covers a short range. Compare the \au\ in; <haul, caught and saw> \haul\, \kaut\, \sau\. \au\ is commonly changed to \aa\ in speech.
\oel\ – as the ol in <old, solar>. This sound is seldom pronounced as \oe+l\. These symbols are not precise indications of a sounds. Rather, a kind of family of sounds that are close enough that word recognition is not affected. The <ol> in <old> \oeld\ oeld, is different from the <ol> in <hollow> \’ho loe\ holoe.
U, is spelled for schwa, and \v\ with secondary stress, and with no stress. <Pronunciation> \pru ,nun sy ‘ae shun\. With the stress marking, it could also be shown as \pru ,nvn sy ‘ae shun\ prununseaeshun.
In TS, schwa is the sound of; the <a> in alone; the <e> in silent; the <i> in cabin; the <o> in harbor; the <u> in circus, the <a>i in mountain, the <o>u in famous, etc. Schwa is not considered alphabetic because it is a relatively unclear pronunciation. Other unstressed vowels also change because of their pronunciation, but it is clear which vowel is being represented. [In my opinion, the <a> in <alone> and <comma>, should be considered an unstressed \v\. Compare it with the sound of <u> in <mud>.]
Some consonants have a vowel quality that can be said to represent a complete syllable. There is some question as to the number of syllables some words have. Does <sail> have one or two syllables? \’sae l\ or \sael\? How about <flour and flower>? \’flou r\ or \flour\?
L m n r and ng, are sometimes considered syllabic. MPG may spell these as; <mile> \’mie l\ or \mie.l\, <letter> \’let r\ or \’let.r\ or \’le tur\.
Syllabic l and n, following t or d, will be spelled; <middle> \’mid l\ or \’mid.l\, <metal> \’met l\ or \’met.l\; <hidden> \’hid n\ or \’hid.n\, <button> \’bvt n\ or \’bvt.n\.
Syllabic m and ng are not used in the Mentur Spelling System, and I don’t think syllabic ng is ever represented in English text; <inclined> \ng ‘kliend\, \’in kliend\ inkliend.
Notice; consonants v, w and y, are capitalized; <vest, wood, yellow, penny> \Vest\, \Wwd\, \’Yel oe\, \’pen y\; vest, wwd, yeloe, peny.
MPG – b d f g h j k l m n p r s t
MPG – bad dog fish gas hat jet kit list man net pet rat sand ten
TS —– bad dog fish gas hat jet kit list man net pet rat sand ten
MPG – V W Y z ch dh sh th wh zh ng
MPG – Vet Wet Yes zoo chin dhis ship thin what mezhur sing
TS —– vet wet Yes zoo chin this ship thin whot measure sing
In the US accent, when <t> is midword, it is frequently pronounced \d\. Mentur will keep the \t\ pronunciation. <Butter> \’bv tur\, not \’bv dur\ bvtur.
Past versions didn’t have a symbol for the wh in <what> because Mentur didn’t use it, but it has been decided that this created too many homophones so \wh\ is included in this version to cover this pronunciation; whot.
\ngk\ may also be spelled \nk\; <think> \think\ or \thingk\; <income> \’in kvm\ inkum.